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Who invented exams? It is one of the questions that most students search for. In the late 19th century, American-German businessman and professor Henry Fischel created academic tests to assess students’ knowledge of a particular subject.

However, the concept of exams was first introduced in Ancient China by the Sui dynasty, known as the Imperial Examination. So, the first exam was held in China in 605 CE. Later, Empress Wu Zetain (Tang Dynasty) organized government exams to select candidates for specific job roles.

In the modern world, exams help to determine students’ educational experience and progress. In this article, we will share “who invented exams” and their history and evolution.

Who Invented Exams?

Who Created Tests And Exams?

Sir Henry Fiscal first introduced the concept of examination to the world. He was an American businessman and a well-known philanthropist. He was also known as a professor at Indiana University in the 20th century.

Henry Fiscal was a professor of religious studies. Also, along with introducing the modern exam system, he included several learning and studying activities. He showed the benefits of written exams in evaluating a student’s overall progress.

Since then, students have sought tests and assignments help whenever they are stuck between challenging tasks. So, Mr. Fiscal was the person “Who made Exam” and made it mandatory for all students. 

Term Paper Writing Service:

Term Paper Writing Service

During the era of the first examination, another name was quite famous, ‘term paper.’ Many students face significant pressure to write a good term paper when overburdened by several academic criteria.

College students must complete their term papers fast, especially for completing their research during a semester. As a result, they search for online assistance to complete their term papers seamlessly. So what was the purpose of conducting exams?

Why Were Exams Invented?

Why Were Exams Invented?

Teachers and professors teach during the class. But, students tend to forget after they leave the college or school premises. Thus, Henry Fiscal observed this fact and took the initiative to introduce the assessment system.

Later, both Cambridge and Oxford universities created standardized testing. As a result, the first Cambridge assessments were held in 1858, and since then, the process has been followed by educational institutions.

So, exams were created to –

  • Measure students’ knowledge and skill.
  • Evaluate their efficiency in answering tricky questions.
  • Finding their strengths and weaknesses in particular subjects.

Hence, exams were exclusively introduced to test students’ overall abilities. Also, many students wonder, ‘ Who invented homework?’ Because homework and assignments keep students engaged even after their school time.

We have understood who invented the exam and the origin of the examination. Now we will focus on its types.

Types Of The Examination Systems:

Types Of The Examination System
There was not one but several types of examinations. Once you are aware of the person who invented exams, you must know the different varieties of school tests and exams.

Imperial Examination System

Imperial Examination System

Every country has a unique history with tests in its education system. As mentioned, Ancient China was the first country to introduce the idea of tests. 

The Sui dynasty organized the Imperial Exam to recruit candidates based on their skills and not their birthright.

Candidates who could answer all in the question paper were allowed to work in administrative positions under the direction of Emperor Yang of the Sui Dynasty.


Exams For Civil Service or Government Positions

Exams For Civil Service or Government Positions

In 1806, England adopted the civil services examination to evaluate applicants’ work for Her Majesty’s Civil Service. Later the East India Company invented exams in India to select government officials through a national testing agency. It is now known as the Indian Administrative Service, conducted by The Union Public Service Commission.

Also, a joint entrance examination is conducted after secondary education in many countries. This modern-day assessment system helps students join various engineering courses and other streams.

Cambridge Assessments

Cambridge Assessments

In the late 19th century, England approached several universities, most notably Oxford & Cambridge, to establish testing as a standard practice for males nationwide.

On December 14, 1958, the first Cambridge exams were administered locally in schools, churches, and other places where students may take them without feeling awkward. It was right after exams were invented.

Latin, Mathematics, Archaeology, History, German, French, and Politics were among the subjects covered in the first Cambridge assessment comparable to those we test today.

As the name suggests, Cambridge University is one of the well-known places for academic excellence. It also comes with an examination hall. It is where a large volume of students sit for examinations.

While we talk about exam halls, many students also have a query on ‘Who Invented School?’ It also has a fascinating history of transforming the Ancient Greek Gymnasium into modern-day schools.

Significant Historical Evidence for Examinations:


Significant Historical Evidence for Examination
Now, let’s quickly look at how tests have evolved worldwide. The first country to widely adopt the concept of exams was ancient China. The nation’s government performed the Imperial exams as part of a national evaluation. It is where the main ‘history of exam’ lies.

The Sui Dynasty created this exam in 605 AD to choose job applicants in the government. The following country to designate this strategy of evaluation was England in 1806.

The exam was conducted to evaluate candidates for jobs in the British civil service. In 1853, Britishers invented exams in India to select candidates for civil service positions.

Now, several educational organizations conduct online tests through interactive LMSs. Hence, many college students search for Webwork Answers to get help in solving a complex question paper. This way, examinations evolved from written forms to online setups.

Evolution of Examinations:

Evolution in the Concept of examination

Over the past few decades, evaluations and tests have significantly evolved. The exams now also include comprehensive testing.

Unlike conventional testing, Holistic testing has come. It is based on the big picture rather than individual parts. Additionally, many distinct units provide a complete picture for ease of understanding.

It, in turn, accurately speaks about a candidate’s competency. These exams are used not only at colleges but also during job interviews.

Also, as the evaluation system became prevalent, students started searching for cheats and hacks to solve a question paper. Which leads them to search for How to cheat on Proctorio? Cause the online tests are remotely proctored to maintain academic integrity in students.

However, unlike the routine exams we typically encounter, holistic evaluations frequently involve fun and are highly interesting. Also, it highlights development opportunities and several facts about examination.

The Bottom Line:

We hope you comprehensively know who invented exams, their origin, and their evolution. It is Henry Fischel who invented school tests to evaluate students’ overall progress. Also, exams help to find out every student’s strengths and weaknesses. So, it’s a very effective procedure to improve the learning system with a proper evaluation.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who First Invented Exams?

Sir Henry Fischel has brought the Concept of examination. He was an American Businessman. Moreover, we were professors at Indiana University. After the introduction of exams, many students spent time in the examination hall.

Which Country Started Exams?

Historical evidence suggests that the Concept of exams originated in Ancient China. The Sui Dynasty established the Imperial Examination System. The other name was the “Imperial Review.” It took place in 605 AD. The authority chooses applicants for particular government positions.

What Did Henry Fischel Say About Exams?

Henry Fischel was a man who visited the US and many other countries. His conception of exams was centered on two key elements: inner and outside testing. He predicted that these tests would measure how well-versed students were in the material they had been taught.

Who said, “Study the past?”

Kong Qiu or popularly known as Confucius was a Chinese philosopher. He said that we must study the past to define the future. 

Who invented tests and homework?

Roberto Nevilis, a visionary educator from Venice, Italy, invented homework to punish students who fail to demonstrate the proper understanding of their lessons. He expected to invent homework in 1095 or 1905, and it soon spread across Europe.

Why was School created?

With the development of society, families felt the urge to make the learning system more convenient. Then families were responsible for educating their children, and gradually the concept grew where a few adults started teaching a large group of children. In this process, schools were created.

Who taught the first teacher?

Confucius (551 to 479 BC), a famous Chinese philosopher, is known as the first teacher in the world. However, he didn’t teach in schools, but he had a large group of students. He guided them to the path of virtue and self-improvement. 

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Bobbi Smith