Discuss the Origins, Success, and Failure of Arab Nationalism (either Pan- Arabism or a regional Arab nationalism) in the Interwar Period


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The asserting identify of Arab

Raising of regional Arab nationalism


Assignment have lot of question just select one of them and make an essay on it

1. Discuss the response of Islamic thinker(s) or religious leaders (Shi’a or Sunni) to the challenge of modernization and reform as it was pursued in one of the major Middle Eastern states or to the challenge of European imperialism in the late nineteenth or early twentieth centuries.

2. Zionism was not the first organised attempt at establishing a Jewish settlement in Ottoman Palestine in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. But it was the first successful one. To what extent and why did Zionism succeed in its settlement project before 1914 where other efforts had failed?

3. Discuss the mandate system that was created by the League of Nations in the early 1920s and how it functioned in the Middle East in interwar era. Please limit your discussion to one mandate other than Palestine.

4. One of the most important and enduring non-political and non-governmental organisations to emerge in the Middle East after World War I was the Muslim Brotherhood. Discuss the rise of this movement in the Middle East prior to 1945.

5. One of the most important events of the history of the Palestinian mandate was the great revolt of 1936 to 1939. Analyse this uprising with an eye to understanding whose anger and frustration it represented and who were the objects of the revolt.

6. One of the major outcomes of the collapse of Ottoman authority in the Middle East after World War I was the creation of a variety of new states – Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, the Transjordan, and (ultimately) Saudi Arabia. Examine one of these states and the ways in which the regimes their were able to legitimise their rule prior to 1945.

7. The revolution of 1908 that deposed Sultan Abdul Hamid II brought into prominence the Young Turks and the Committee of Union and Progress. Who and what did these movements represent and to what extent did their ideals represent a departure from the ideas that had motivated Ottoman regimes through the 19th century.

8. By the early 1920s the British government confronted significant civil violence between Arabs and Zionist settlers in its new mandate of Palestine. What were the sources of this violence and why was the British government unable to resolve it in the 1920s?

9. Despite the religious association implicit in the Zionists’ pursuit of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, the initial movement for settlement remained thoroughly secular in character. Examine the ideology of the Zionist project prior to World War II.

10. Discuss the origins, success, and failure of Arab nationalism (either Pan- Arabism or a regional Arab nationalism) in the interwar period.

11. Every bit as much as Nasser sought to transform the Arab Middle East through foreign policy, he also charted a new path of domestic reform he called “Arab socialism.” Discuss Arab socialism and the extent to which it succeeded or failed in transforming Egyptian society and why it succeeded or failed.

12. From the 1920s a central concern of the Zionist movement was to get enough immigrants into the Palestine Mandate so as to achieve the reality of a Jewish state. Discuss the measures Israel took in the wake of the 1948 war to forge a state in a region where the Jewish population remained a minority.

13. UNSC 242 was to become the framework for a “just and durable” peace in the Middle East, one which included a settlement of the questions of Palestinian nationhood and the Palestinian refugee question. Despite the concerted efforts of great power intervention over the last thirty years to achieve such a peace, this process has failed. Why?

14. Discuss the rise of settlement and the settler movement in Israel since the 1970s and its impact on the politics of the Middle East.

15. The nationalist regime of Mohammad Mossadeq in Iran was overthrown in a coup organised by the US Central Intelligence Agency and the British secret service – a coup that made Iran a virtual dictatorship under the leadership of Reza Shah Pahlavi. What did the US and Britain hope to achieve through this coup?

16. Discuss the rise of “Islamic fundamentalism” in Middle Eastern politics with reference to a single organisation or movement.

17. The Iran-Iraq War from 1980 to 1988 was the longest and most destructive conflict in modern Middle Eastern history. Discuss the role of external powers in the origins and endurance of this conflict.

18. Compare and contrast the 1991 and 2003 Gulf Wars and the strategic reasons behind direct American intervention in the Middle East through these wars.

19. Despite the active involvement of Marxist, social democratic and liberal political groupings in the Iranian Revolution of 1979 by the early 1980s Iran had become a thoroughly Islamic political society. Examine the singular success of the Islamic elements of the revolution and how and why its original diversity faded.

20. Discuss the origins of the first “intifada” in 1987-1988 both as a movement against Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza and against the Palestinian national leadership at the time.

21. Another topic chosen in consultation with the instructor.

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