Discover and Present What the Passage Meant to Its Original Hearers in Its Original Context


SKU: ENG000237 Category:

History of Philippians

Summary of findings and applications


In writing this exegetical paper, you will choose a passage from the following list of texts of the Pauline Letters in the New Testament. You will then research and write an analysis of the text in order to: (a) discover and present what the passage meant to its original hearers in its original context and (b) interpret this original meaning theologically and practically for the reader today. The exegetical paper should primarily be an exploration into, discovery of, and explanation of the original meaning of the text, and the defense of the explanation using both extra-textual and intra-textual evidence. Extra-textual evidence includes what we know about the historical and contextual situation behind the passage, what we know about the life and work of Paul in general (if applicable), the oral and written sources underlying the passage (if applicable), the genre of the passage, what situation occasioned the writing of the passage, Paul’s/original author’s own situation, beliefs and purposes for writing (what the author was trying to accomplish by writing the letter), as well as the original audience and their situation. Intra-textual evidence includes ideas, topics and themes in the larger book as a whole, literary and narrative structure, rhetorical structure and literary devices, as well as an analysis of wording and grammar of the specific passage. This means that the exegetical paper should not be an interpretation without any evidence. The exegetical paper must justify and defend the interpretation of the literal meaning presented, using the course content materials, and bibliographical literature consulted, relevant to the passage.

This also means that any theological conclusions or practical applications of the text should come first and foremost from the results of the process of exegesis and interpretation just outlined. Spiritual meanings and practical applications of the text must be founded upon the literal meaning of the text. Jumping ahead to theological and practical conclusions without a proper exegetical foundation essentially divorces the Bible from the people to whom it is addressed in the present.


The Superior Paper:

Historical-Critical Content: Includes a thorough and completely accurate discussion of the historical-critical content relevant for understanding the passage, including: (1) the date, authorship, original audience, provenance, historical occasion, purpose, agenda and main themes of the biblical book as determined by modern biblical scholarship; (2) a discussion of oral (form criticism) and written sources (source criticism) if relevant to the passage; (3) a discussion of the editing of the sources (redaction criticism) if relevant to the passage; (4) a discussion of the author’s perspective and interpretation of the material narrated (narrative criticism) if relevant to the passage; (5) a discussion of the literary devices used if relevant to the passage; brings this historical information to bear insightfully and creatively on the original meaning of the text


Ideas: Excels in assignment (applying the exegetical method to particular Biblical passage); able to limit material so that it is manageable; appropriately identifies and defines key terms; able to identify complex issues; may acknowledge limitations or contradictions in secondary literature; understands and critically evaluates sources


Structure and argumentation: Able to guide the reader through a progression of ideas or chain of reasoning; utilises appropriate transitions from one idea to another; conclusions flow clearly from the argument presented, deals with the key issues–no glaring points left out


Research: Utilises both primary and secondary materials and includes a range of sources from both academic journals and books; supports arguments with sufficient evidence; the evidence reflects an awareness of multiple views; the bibliography is complete

Practical Theological Application: Draws out the contemporary theological and practical implications of the text in an insightful, creative way; soundly grounded in the exegesis


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