Part A – Ensure the health and safety of children
You are required to demonstrate how to access the following in relevance to ensuring the health and safety of children in the workplace:
- the National Quality Framework
- the National Quality Standards
- the relevant approved learning framework
Under the NQS there are a number of standards that are relevant to the safety of children in an Early Childhood Education and Care service. What are the main Standards that support this?
How is the health and safety of children related to the EYLF?
What practice does the Guide to the EYLF recommend that educators use to raise and debate issues relating to curriculum quality, equity and children’s wellbeing?
Consider the FSAC.
- In the FSAC “nutrition and safety” are seen as important for educators to consider in relation to _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. (fill in the gap)
- Which practice does this fall under?
In the FSAC it states that educators can facilitate “Children take increasing responsibility for their own health and physical wellbeing” by engaging children in what activities that relate to safety?
The Guide to the National Law and National Regulations describes how a centre should:
“minimise risks to children, an education and care service or a family day care educator must implement:
- adequate health and hygiene practices
- safe practices for handling, preparing and storing food.”
Which two National Regulations does this statement relate to?
The Guide to the National Law and National Regulations states:
“While attending an approved service, children must have access to safe drinking water at all times, and have food and drinks available throughout the day”
Which Regulations does this statement relate to?
In your role as an Early Childhood Education and Care worker, you will need to check toys and equipment for potential risk and hazards that may cause harm to children.
- Explain in detail the steps involved in conducting a risk analysis on toys and what you would be checking for at each step.
- Explain what steps you would take if you identified a toy or piece of equipment that presented a hazard with an extreme risk. (include reporting procedures)
- Which policy, procedure or standard does this support?
In your role as an Early Childhood Education and Care worker, you will need to implement effective hygiene and health practices in many aspects of practice.
- In your own words explain the importance of maintaining a clean and healthy environment in each of the following areas.
- The centre, overall
- Outdoor Environment
- Indoor Environment
Identify which sections of the following demonstrate hazards and risks.
- Education and Care Services National Regulations
- National Quality Standards (NQS)
- Early Years Learning Framework (EYLF)
- Framework for School Aged Care in Australia (FSAC)
Complete the table below explaining the cleaning procedures for each, and provide one reason for the importance of the cleaning procedure.
List two (2) personal hygiene procedures that you must follow to limit cross-contamination when preparing food and explain why they are important.
As a child care worker you will need to help provide suitable rest and sleep environments for children. For each of the following points, write 2-3 sentences describing how you set up the rest environment appropriately:
As an Early Childhood Education and Care worker you are required to ensure that sleep and rest opportunities are provided for and there are appropriate opportunities to meet each child’s need for sleep, rest and relaxation.
- Which standards in the NQS relate to sleep and rest?
- What section of the National Regulation covers sleep and rest
- What are the “Six ways to sleep baby safely and reduce the risk of sudden unexpected death in infancy”
Describe in your own words the type of information you would share about individual children’s rest and sleep with families.
It is a requirement that centres must provide appropriate quiet play activities for children who do not want to sleep or rest. Describe five (5) alternative activities.
In an Early Childhood Education and Care setting you must respect children’s needs for privacy during any toileting and dressing and undressing times. How would you maintain this?
You are required to ensure children’s and families’ individual clothing needs and preferences are met, to promote children’s comfort, safety and protection within the scope of the service requirements for children’s health and safety. How can you inform parents of clothing that we consider to be inappropriate or unsuitable for children to wear while attending the centre?
When children are playing or travelling outdoors you must ensure they are safe at all times.
- Describe the sun protection/safety procedures you have in place at your centre and explain what makes it sun safe for children.
- How would you explain sun safe to children using the most recent sun safe promotional campaign resources?
As a child care worker you will be required to set up a variety of play environments for children.
- List five checks you will perform when setting up an environment.
- Describe how you choose equipment that is suitable for the children you’re working with.
- Describe how you set up the equipment safely.
Children must be supervised by ensuring all are in sight or hearing distance at all times.
- What are the ratios for supervising children in an Early Education and Care setting in your state?
- What would be the process you would follow if you find that you have children with additional needs in your care (i.e., skills, age mix, dynamics and size of the group of children, and the level of risk involved in activities)?
- How would you ensure adequate supervision at all times?
Describe how you can explain hazards in the environment to the children.
Briefly explain two strategies you can use to communicate the rules for safe play to the children in the group.
Give an example of how you implement the rules for safe play.
As a child care worker you will sometimes have to deal with children who are unwell.
- Who is the first person you should inform if you suspect a child is sick.
- Identify the documentation that needs to be completed when a child in your care has been unwell.
- What policies/procedures and protocols must you follow in relation to this documentation
You are required to consistently implement the service policies for the exclusion of ill children.
- Name 5 infectious diseases that would cause the centre to exclude an ill child?
- List three precautions you should take if you suspect the child is infectious.
As a child care worker you will often have to deal with children who have allergies/anaphylaxis or asthma.
- Write a brief description of what anaphylaxis is.
- Write a brief description of what asthma is.
- What are the organisational policies and legal requirements for managing children who have allergies/anaphylaxis or asthma?
(Guidance: List Australia’s policies and legal requirements for managing children experiencing such)
- Identify other common allergies that may affect children at the centre.
- Describe what should happen when enrolling a child who has anaphylaxis/asthma or other allergy.
(Guidance – Make sure you include the information to be collected and how it is communicated to staff)
- List five (5) signs that indicate a child is having an anaphylactic reaction.
- Describe how to respond if a child has an anaphylactic reaction.
- Describe how you would use an adrenalin auto injector for anaphylaxis.
As a child care worker you will sometimes be required to assist in administering medication to children.
- List ten (10) things you will need to check before you administer medication to a child
- How is medication stored safely at the centre?
(Guidance – Describe what you will do for both room temperature and refrigerated medications)
- Describe which documentation must be completed when you administer medication.
Describe what you will do to reduce the risk associated with each of the hazards listed below.
Under Quality Area 2 Standard 2.3 Each child is protected and Element 2.3.1 Children are adequately supervised at all times a centre is to ensure the safety of children at all times.
- Explain how you would follow service procedures for the safe collection of each child, ensuring they are released to authorised people.
- What must occur if a child is missing or cannot be accounted for?
Identify the relevant NQS standard and supporting element that explains why is it important that every person who enters the service premises is supervised where children are present.
How can you safely manage the use, storage and labelling of dangerous products?
Guidance: Refer to your Learning Resources
Part of keeping children safe in Early Childhood Education and Care is understanding your role in fire safety. Explain in your own words the following aspects of basic home fire safety:
|Fire spread and speed|| |
|Heat transfer|| |
|Combustible fuels|| |
|Sources of heat|| |
|Open flames/sparks|| |
|Electrical equipment|| |
|Hot surfaces|| |
|Smoking materials|| |
|Role of fire services|| |
|Identify high-risk groups in basic home for safety|| |
|Identify behaviour that may contribute to fire injury and fatalities,|| |
|Why smoke alarm is important|| |
|Smoke alarm placement,|| |
You are required to demonstrate how to access the following in relevance to promoting and providing healthy food and drinks:
- the National Quality Framework
- the National Quality Standards
- the relevant approved learning framework
Under the NQS there are a number of standards that are relevant to promoting and providing healthy food and drinks in an Early Childhood Education and Care service. What are the main Standards that support this?
How is the promoting and providing healthy food and drinks related to the learning outcomes in the EYLF
Where can you access the “Get up and Grow” resources for promoting and providing healthy food and drinks
Where can you access the “Australian Dietary Guidelines”
Describe two (2) different activities you can do with children to help them learn about healthy eating.
Describe how you can ensure children have sufficient healthy food and drink provided to them when they attend child care where:
- Meals are provided for the children by the center
- Families provide food for the children
(Guidance – In your answers, discuss how you will ensure individual children’s dietary and calorie intake needs are met)
In your own words:
- Explain why it is important that you should interact with children during mealtimes
- Identify what experiences you could include.
- Describe five (5) ways you could use furniture and utensils to encourage children to be positively involved in and enjoy mealtimes?
List three (3) strategies you could use to help educate families about healthy eating.
Guidance: Provide an example of one of the strategies you suggested.
In a child care service, you will need to cater for children’s individual dietary needs.
- Describe the process at your service for identifying children who have specific dietary needs, food allergies or intolerances.
- Explain why it is important that these children be identified.
- Explain what you would do if there was no policy to identify, manage and monitor children who have special dietary needs.
answer the following:
- Explain how healthy eating affects oral health and hygiene.
- Describe how children’s oral health including signs of tooth decay impacts on their general health and well-being.
- Describe three (3) other effects poor diet may have on children at the centre.
Explain the following comment, showing your understanding of the importance of dietary fats in the physical development of infants and children: ‘It is not suitable to feed low fat milk products to children under 2 years of age.’
- Describe the recommended steps in preparing formula.
- What are the ‘Standards of Infant formula’ in Australia?
- What is the WHO code and how does it affect staff in an Early Childhood Education and Care service?
- What are the recommended sterilization methods for preparing infant feeding equipment?
- What are the recommended formula requirements for feeding infants?
- Allergies and food reactions in infants and children are common and may be associated with a variety of foods including adapted cow’s milk formula. Parents often consider using special infant formulas for preventing or treating allergic disorders. What types of formula are available in these circumstances and are they effective in reducing allergic reactions?
- What are the recommendations for minimising the risk of allergy in infants with a family history of allergies?
Consider a mother who wants to continue breastfeeding her baby whilst attending your child care service.
- Suggest 3 ways you can support the mother breastfeeding her baby at your child care service.
- Explain the benefits of breastfeeding (for the mother and baby).
- What are the recommended steps for storing breast milk under the Infant Feeding Guidelines.
Complete the table below:
|Breast milk status||Storage at room|
(26°C or lower)
(5°C or lower)
|Storage in freezer|
|Freshly expressed into|
|Previously frozen (thawed)|| |
|Thawed outside refrigerator|
in warm water
|Infant has begun feeding|| |
What are the three key points for introducing solid foods to infants?
Some groups of children are at risk of being underweight or having nutritional deficiencies.
- Identify one group of Australian children that may be at risk of malnutrition.
- Describe the problems that children affected by malnutrition may have.
Safe food handling is paramount in Early Childhood education and care services.
- Describe the clothing/PPE that must be worn when preparing food.
- List three (3) personal health symptoms that would prevent you from preparing food at a centre.
- Provide a list of ten (10) procedures you need to follow to ensure you prepare food safely.
- Explain how you would respond if you saw a colleague not following safe food handling practices.
Below are the dietary guides of two foods. Write a paragraph to explain which of the two foods the healthier food choice is.
Guidance: From the two options, pick the healthier choice in respect to:
- Saturated Fat Content
- Salt Content
- Sugar Content
- Fibre Content
List four (4) procedures that should be in place to protect children who have food allergies from exposure to those allergens.
What are the ‘Five Guidelines’ from the Australian Dietary Guidelines
Label the different sections of the graph below indicating the recommended portions of food groups we should eat each day.
Guidance: This graph was sourced from “The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating”
From the table below determine the minimum number of daily serves for each of the selected children.
- How many daily sample serves of Meat, Fish, and Poultry should be provided to a five-year-old child?
- How many daily sample serves of Bread should be provided to a ten-year-old child?
- How many daily sample serves of Fruit should a Breastfeeding Women have?
What codes of practice should you follow in an Early Childhood Educational and Care service that ensure you are working ethically and ensuring the rights of the child when providing healthy food and drinks?
Give an example of each of the points below and describe in your own words why it is important to address the individual dietary needs and preferences of children in respect to:
- specific cultural requirements
- religious requirements
- health requirements
a) Provide a definition of a risk.
b) Give two (2) examples of a hazard and describe the risk involved with such hazard.
It is every educator’s responsibility to help ensure the environment is safe for themselves, their colleagues and the children and visitors attending the centre. Give three (3) examples of how you can fulfil this responsibility.
As a child care worker, you will need to participate in regular emergency and evacuation drills.
- List the emergency procedures in place at your service. (Guidance – If you are not currently working at a child care service, list the procedures that could be in place at Sparkling Stars Childcare Centre)
- Describe the fire evacuation procedure at the centre.
- Provide a brief description of how you could discuss fire evacuations with children.
There are a number of Workplace policies and procedures that will relate to WHS. Fill out the table below identifying the main policy that would be observed in a centre and one (1) practice for each.
|Child Protection|| |
|Supervision of Children|| |
|Child Collection|| |
|Provision of Food|| |
|Hygiene and cleanliness|| |
|Childrens Medications|| |
|Ill Children|| |
|Preventing accidents|| |
|Fire Emergency|| |