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Creating an essay isn’t an easy task. So having some external help can work wonders for the smooth construction of your piece. Before delving into your article create an outline which can be a roadmap to your essay and aid you in constructing it properly. Now there are certain citation styles which you can follow for your essay. Here I am going to discuss Harvard referencing style. I know what you are thinking- “What is that?” Well scroll down and have a look.

WHAT IS HARVARD CITATION STYLE?

Harvard outline is a structured framework which lays down the ideas for your essay before you start writing it. This particular referencing style uses an author-date style and can be employed for different types of essays. It does not focus on a single type. Assignments4u provides college essay writing service as an excellent endeavor to help students who work while learning. There are however certain rules regarding citations. The rules vary depending on the number of contributors to the work or if you cite a quote. There are no complete sentences in this style. It contains only keywords and phrases. The focus should mainly be on the thesis and topic sentences.

 


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GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR HARVARD REFERENCING

Harvard writing style has a distinct set of instructions following which may make your citation efficient:

  • Times New Roman font, 12pt is recommended. A clear font should be used.
  • Double-spaced
  • Title page
  • Paper’s title in header
  • Page number
  • Citation page titled “References”
  • 1″ margins

Title page

The Harvard outline has specific rules for title page:

  • The title should be halfway down the page in capital letters.
  • Three lines down should be the name of the author. It should not be in capital letters.
  • Four lines down should be the name of the class.
  • The following line should contain the name of the professor.
  • The next line should include the name of the school, then the name of the city/country where it is located.
  • The next line should contain the date.

Header

The header should include a short description of the title and a page number as well. The header should also have certain components:

  • Right justified.
  • Express the central idea of the essay in a concise form
  • There should be a gapping of 5 spaces between the header and the in-text citation.

In-text Citation

The name “Harvard Style” is another name for the “Author-Date Style” of referencing and citation.

  • In-text citations for this style usually follow this format: Author’s Last Name, year of publication, page number(s).
  • While referencing an entire work include the author’s name and the year of publication.
  • While citing a source which you haven’t read or are not acquainted with, cite the source that you have read in the reference list and add “as cited by” in the actual essay.
  • While citing a source which has more than three authors, cite the last name of the first author followed by an “et al.”. State the publishing year as well.
  • In case you don’t have an author, place the title with the date in parenthesis.
  • If the date is not stated in the source then just omit it while citing it in your essay.

GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR HARVARD REFERENCING

Outline

It is the essential roadmap to your essay if you want to keep track of all your sources. List a point and add information to it (Author, Name, and Date) in the subheading. In the Harvard format while you write a citation make sure your information has a structure and the all the points are equally important. Students appreciate the dedication towards education with the guidance of Assignments help by Assignments4u.

Outline template

  • Introduction
  • Main point/thesis
  • Main point of paragraph 1
  • Main point of paragraph 2
  • Main point of paragraph 3
  • Body
  • 1st main point
  • Information (author and date)
  • Information (author and date)
  • Information (author and date)
  • Transition to 2nd main point
  • 2nd main point
  • Information (author and date)
  • Information (author and date)
  • Information (author and date)
  • Transition to 3rd main point
  • 3rd main point
  • Information (author and date)
  • Information (author and date)
  • Information (author and date)
  • Conclusion
  • Summary of the paper
  • Restate the thesis
  • Bibliography

You can put the bibliographical citations or paste the URL’s as well so that you can easily access the pages. Maintain a list to make it efficient.

Bibliography

The references for your essay appear at the end of your essay. Harvard style references should be prefaced with the term “References” on the very top and centre of the page. Quotation marks should not be used. Write my paper for me by Assignments4u is helpful for students who hardly get time to construct papers. If the name is not available while citing, then the title should be placed in quotation marks. The first name’s first initial of the author is listed in this style. This style limits you to use references that you cited in work. Furthermore, list your sources in alphabetical order. Here’s how you can use Harvard referencing for the most common types of text:

  • Books: Last name, first initial (year published), title, edition (only if it is not the first edition), the city published, publisher, page(s).
  • Books with two or three authors: Last name, first initial and last name, first initial (year published), title, edition (only if it is not the first edition), the city published, publisher, page(s).
  • Book chapters: Last name, First initial (Year of publication), Chapter title: First initial. Last name, ed., Book Title, 1st ed.* City: Publisher, Page(s).
  • Journal Articles: Last name, First initial. (Year published). Article title. Journal, Volume (Issue), Page(s).
  • Newspaper Articles: Last name, First initial. (Year published). Article title. Newspaper, Page(s).
  • Websites: Last name, first initial (Year published). Page title. [online] Website name. Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].

Now you have an idea on the Harvard style outline and citation and its nitty-gritty. Get started on your essay and refer back to this article in case of any confusion. All the best!


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