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PSYC 400- Annotated Bibligraphy: Bipolar Disorder

Aug 27, 2023

Can you please briefly discuss bipolar disorder through annotated bibliographies?

Annotated Bibliography: Bipolar Disorder

These discussed references and the study paper show the variations of bipolar disorder and the treatment procedures.  Each study aims to reflect on the subjective matter particularly which has been discussed in the paper by the authors. As per these studies, bipolar disorder has more definitive variations and the cure lies in the medical implantations.

Miller, J. N., & Black, D. W. (2020). Bipolar disorder and suicide: a review. Current Psychiatry Reports22(2), 1-10.

In this particular study material, the authors showed their concern about the rising problem of bipolar disorder and the solution for this mental disorder. The first detailed features of the topic highlight the definitive words about bipolar disorder and reflect on the study materials to show the variations of mental state. One of the major issues that have been discussed in the study is the characterization of these “chronic mood disorders” and the “hypomaniccreates episodes” which are mainly the beginning stage of this disorder. As the paper moves on the author also gives a deep emphasis on the contrast of the suicidal nature and the bipolar disorder material. Furthermore, this study also discussed and showed the detailed data analysis of the rising suicidal nature in the population and it mostly leaves a great impact on the youth.

As the study moves forward, the middle portion of the paper mainly focuses on issues like clinical features of bipolar disorder which directly attacks the neurotic nerves and create delusional depression in the mind state of the patient. Similarly, this study also focuses on general episodes of suicidal bipolar patients and the rooted causes of the suicidal nature of the patient like the family history, the periods of mood swings even the genetic disorders, recent medical history, the parents’ history, whether the patient is adopted or not and many others. Slowly the study moves toward the ending part and the authors also suggested the medical resources and the formatting of medical help like a variation of therapies for the patient.

Rowland, T. A., & Marwaha, S. (2018). Epidemiology and risk factors for bipolar disorder. Therapeutic advances in psychopharmacology8(9), 251-269.

This paper particularly showed the author highlighted the contrast of the study with epidemiological study factors and the effects of bipolar disorder. The abstract part of the study briefly discussed the definitive portion of the epidemiology and the related study materials It also says the regulated medicine branches are specifically designed under factors like scientific, systematic even the data analytical procedure. Furthermore, the study also briefly discussed the part of bipolar disorder and it also reflects on the concerning issues of multifunctional illness and the “uncertain etiology” of this mental disorder. Similarly, this topic also showed the variations of medical research based on multifactorial illness factors which can be the major cause for the suicidal nature among the patients.

As the study moves further, the second portion of this paper particularly highlights the therapeutic advances that have been applied in several countries. This therapeutic advance mainly shows the variations of pharmaceutical management in the specific order of bipolar disorder. Furthermore, the study also gives a detailed explanation of the data analysis and the performed research of various medical teams in several countries over the period.  As the study moves towards the end part, the study also highlights the variations of bipolar disease which were examined particularly as the data process in several developed countries like Europe, the U.S.A, Asian regions, and others. This paper particularly highlights the detailed facts on bipolar disease and the effective processes that are taken by medical professionals.

Gordovez, F. J. A., & McMahon, F. J. (2020). The genetics of bipolar disorder. Molecular psychiatry25(3), 544-559.

In this paper, the authors try to show the genetic disorder that leaves a direct impact on bipolar disorder, as it can be mostly seen at such a young age. Although it is not mentioned that the genetic disorder only starts to influence bipolar disorder at such a young age, it can be assumed that the impact can start from the early period of life. The authors also discussed the development of the variations of bipolar disorder over the era and the development of this disease started to show different actions among the patients. The authors also discussed the influence of bipolar disorder with an estimated prevalence rate of around one percent to four percent. Furthermore, the data research also shows the varieties of the recorded reactions of different patients in different applied methods. They presented the data analysis with detailed prescribed forms and highlighted such factors as responses to the different applied medicines like lithium carbonate, stabilizers, steroids, and many others.

As the study moves forward, the second portion of the study highlights assortative mating and genetic epidemiology to give a reflection on the material process for further proceeding. Furthermore, the study also leaves an impact on the genetic mutation among adults which increases the high chances of bipolar disorder in different ages, as it highlights the suicidal nature along with severe depression, chronic mood swings, and others. The ending portion of the study highlights the nature of bipolar disorder among patients with all included data.

Abdel-Basset, M., Mohamed, M., Elhoseny, M., Chiclana, F., & Zaied, A. E. N. H. (2019). Cosine similarity measures of bipolar neutrosophic set for diagnosis of bipolar disorder diseases. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, 101, 101735.

According to the authors of the research paper, the paper shows the similarities between the diagnoses of bipolar disease and the “cosine similarity of bipolar neutrosophic set”. In a simple explanation, the research paper highlights the constructive nature and the structural human mind, even the influences of the several neurotic nerves on both sides of the brain and the control over the body.  Furthermore, the authors also emphasize the introductive portion of the research paper and skilfully explain the constructive decision-making process of a healthy mind and the slow effect of the “bipolar fuzzy set” condition of the mind.

As the study moves further, the second portion of the study highlights the detailed process of the mathematical solution of the prescribed explanation of bipolar disorder. The mathematical solutions especially highlight the mental static process of the mind and the solution highlights the nature of the prescribed medicines in different stages. Furthermore, the study also another mathematical calculation of the bipolar neutrosophic set and the processed method of the definitive working method. As per the study, the mathematical calculation also shows the differences and similarities between the basic properties of the interval-valued bipolar set and the bipolar neutrosophic set. Furthermore, the study also highlights the drawbacks of the existing matters and the cosine similarities among these two states. The ending part of the study suggests the detailed framework of the proposed measures of the bipolar neutrosophic and the interval-valued bipolar set to show the difference among the measuring processes.

Marx, W., McGuinness, A. J., Rocks, T., Ruusunen, A., Cleminson, J., Walker, A. J., … & Fernandes, B. S. (2021). The kynurenine pathway in major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia: a meta-analysis of 101 studies. Molecular psychiatry26(8), 4158-4178.

The study mainly focuses on the importance of the kynurenine pathway and the processing method of tryptophan in the increasing factor of metabolism of neurotic nerves to work better. The study is a detailed work of the examination process of the kyurenine pathway and its metabolite factors of different mental diseases like major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and several mental disorders. As it reflects on the reactions and the amount given process of this thesis research to understand the differences of this disease and the recoded reactions would help to understand the readers about the differences and the examine process to this proportion. The research paper highlights the process in different methodical styles like the purpose of the study selection and the research process. It also includes further data readings and statistical data extraction along with the measuring process. This study also shows the contrast between the processing procedures and the metabolic nature of the pathway.

The second portion of the study follows the detailed analytical nature of the study with various data readings. Even it also shows the Meta-regression data readings and the mean age possibilities of the analysing variations of the procedure on bipolar disorder.  Furthermore, the study also represents the hard work situational varieties of the authors and the notion of belief about bipolar disorder and the suicidal effects on the neurotic nerves. The working details of the study also present the definitive framework with levels of bipolar disorder stages and the reactions of the different stages for better reading.

Dome, P., Rihmer, Z., & Gonda, X. (2019). Suicide risk in bipolar disorder: a brief review. Medicina55(8), 403.

This study mainly focuses on the suicidal risks in bipolar disorder and the detailed work of the authors with various data readings. It also spreads awareness of the suicidal risks which are increasing due to severe mood swings, chronic neurotic irritations, and the disabilities of the neurotic nerve disorders. Furthermore, the data mainly focuses on the variations of the bipolar disease and the types of effects on the stages of the bipolar variations like the type one disease and the type two disease, and as per the reading, the high chances of the symptom behaviors suggest the rate of effectiveness around 13% to 50%.  Furthermore, bipolar patients have shown a high chance of suicidal risks according to their depressive nature and the mood swings behavioral changing dynamics.

Furthermore, the second portion of the study also highlights the detailed risks beyond the suicidal nature of the epidemiological variations on the applied research data. As per the record of the study, a possible reaction to this phenomenon shows the lethal actions of the suicidal nature and the aggressive nature of the patients according to their mood swings and the given reactions to them. It is better to start the diagnosis of this study to restart the lives of the patients. The study also suggests taking a grave concerning nature of the bipolar disease and the effects of the symptoms to record their reactions differently. The end portion of the study highlights the briefly discussed nature of the exhaustive materials of the brains and the effects on the other organs.

López-Muñoz, F., Shen, W. W., D’ocon, P., Romero, A., & Álamo, C. (2018). A history of the pharmacological treatment of bipolar disorder. International journal of molecular sciences19(7), 2143.

The study highlights the nature of the reading details about the scientific developments of the treatments and the pharmacological variations over the eras. As per the readings, the treatment procedure for bipolar disease has been processed over the eras, and the use of various methods like alkaloids, barbiturates, and bromides in the treatment cases of bipolar disorder patients. It also shows the varieties of pharmacological differences to show the improving nature of the treatment procedures over the nineteenth century, twentieth century, and the early period of the twenty-first century. Furthermore, the study also shows the concept of bipolar disorder started with the concept of “mania” and the early periods of the treatment procedure of this disease were kind of unethical.

The second part of the study also focuses on the referring style of the disease also falls under the concept of “psychosis” and the influence of the psychopharmacological revolution of the 1950s on this matter. Likewise, the study also particularly deals with the concept of John Cade’s use of lithium in the treatment procedure of bipolar disease along with various other psychological diseases. The study also focuses on the various implementations of technological revolutions in the medical process and the way of development in the various pathways.

The final part of the study deals with euthanasia and depressive serials and the variations of the mania with hypomania episodes. Even the procedure of medical research suggests the variations of the bipolar disease and the developing series over the eras along with various experiments and the success rate of the periodic revolution.

Yatham, L. N., Kennedy, S. H., Parikh, S. V., Schaffer, A., Bond, D. J., Frey, B. N., … & Berk, M. (2018). Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) and International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD) 2018 guidelines for the management of patients with bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorders20(2), 97-170.

This study particularly highlights the nature of bipolar disease and the related mood swings factors in the discussed paper. Furthermore, this study particularly suggests the specific treatment nature of the “Canadian network for mood swings and anxiety treatments” with the specific treatment procedure to reflect on. Furthermore, the authors of the research paper also show the variations and the definitive description of the bipolar disorder activity. The paper particularly strongly emphasizes the subjective matter of anxiety management and mood swing disorder for more detailed works relative to research elements. Even the working method of this constitution particularly shows the reflective natures of the patients and the detailed work study further suggests the variances of the neurotic behaviors of a particular patient according to the situations and the actions.

This study also reflects on the subjective behavioral changes and the organization highlights each reason along with the treatment procedure. Similarly, bipolar disease has major two variations, and each variation affects differently on the nature of the person. Chronic headaches, mood swings, and anxieties are the most common symptoms to be noticed among the patients. Even the suicidal nature has been highlighted particularly among them. As per the study, bipolar disorder can be affected due to many causes including genetic disorder. The study also reflects on the working process of the organization and the treatment process for the patients. The ending part of the study particularly reflects on the facts of the treatment procedures and the intake medications of the patients.

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