Answer the following Questions……
Week 1 discussion
1. What is Aristotle’s golden mean?
ans: According to the theories of Aristotle which are presented in the book “Nicomachean Ethics”, the golden mean is also known as the golden middle way which shows the medium way of between “extremes” and the word is changeable according to the materialistic need and also spiritual need as an example if the concept of golden mean is implemented in the source and process of income, then it will indicate the savings. In this matter, the process also highlights the importance of savings in an individual’s life but also permits them to spend some allowance for their own (Lawrenz, 2021, p.153). The Aristotelian words particularly emphasize the word extreme and the middle way or the moderate position as it refers to the spiritual needs and the constant conflict of mind and the consciousness of inner self which raises the questions of the desires and necessities. The supporters’ facts of the golden mean suggest choosing the middle action which does not only highlight particularly the need of a person but chooses a principal way. Aristotle also explained that the golden mean and particularly suggested that the middle ground is always closer to one extreme situation or conflict than the other one which silently suggests the position of the inner state of the mind between self-renunciation and self-indulgence. Aristotle highlights the moral behaviors and the causes of the changing behaviors in an individual and the several ways to define the states and the constant theories that reflect the purpose of life. the concept also shows us the constantly changing variables of the situation in life which hits our basic principles.
2. Discuss Plato’s cave theory.
ans. Plato’s cave theory also known as “The Allegory of Cave” is one of the greatest examples of literary work and also highlights the philosophical conversation between his brother Glaucon and contemporarily greater philosopher Socrates in the dialogue method, which was published in the written form of narrative style. The theory summarizes three stages and each stage refers to each journey where the human mind will explore three categories of consciousness since childhood the theory also highlights another plot of “the theory of forms” and the priority of the ideas in the human mind. the theory shows the dependency of the vision about our life. one of the most significant allegorical views that has been shown in the theory is the way or the perspective of an individual or society and the limited urge to discover ultimate knowledge like the two different worlds of the cave: the outside world and the inside world. both world demonstrates different thought and their limitations about knowledge, If an individual breaks the systematic movement to know further about life then that individual may discover the ultimate reality and the truth of the reality (Snooks, 2020, p.21). The purpose of the allegory here search for the philosophical thought of the universal truth. several allegories in the narrative highlight the specific development of a delusional mind state and the false truth. many argumentative theories suggest that Plato’s cave theory also demonstrates the conflicts of beliefs, and knowledge and the ultimate state that shows the after-state of ultimate enlightenment Furthermore it shows the constantly changing dynamics of human nature and the fear of unknown happenings or situations.
Lawrenz, J. (2021). Confucius, Aristotle, and the Golden Mean: a diptych on ethical virtues. The European Legacy, 26(2), 149-169.
Snooks, G. D. (2020). Plato’s cave of shadows and the Chinese political system. Institute of Global Dynamic Systems, Working Papers, 26.