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HIST 2321- Week 6 Worksheet Assignment

Sep 7, 2023

Update on Grading:  Now that we are in Module 6 you have had an opportunity to flex your analytical muscles.  For this definition list, I will be grading heavily on the analytical aspect of the definitions.  You should define them with details, as you have in past weeks, however, you will need to focus on the significance of these details within the historical context.  Ultimately, how do they inform the time period?  Why are they significant?  This should be the bulk of your response rather than a single sentence.  For example, if Rosa Parks was on the list you would write about her refusal to move to the back of the bus, which was the first step in the Montgomery Bus Boycott. However, an exemplary answer would go much deeper into an analysis and historical context of the period.  One could use her as a lens to understand how men and women trained and prepared themselves for nonviolence, thus giving us insight into the intense planning involved in these tactics.  Or, one could write about Rosa Parks as the woman who launched MLK’s career, then highlight the way Black women were marginalized within the movement overall – if you recall from the module, she was removed from the stage just prior to MLK’s “I have a dream speech.”  These types of responses require more than a quick Google search.  Instead, they ask students to think deeply about the concepts we engage in within the class and apply them to the details surrounding these terms.

Week 6 Worksheet Assignment

1. Gloria Richardson: He is recognized as a significant figure of the Cambridge Movement on the Eastern Shore. He is an American civil rights activist who has struggled for black liberation and alleviated the oppression of poor black people. According to him, racism is the denial of appropriate healthcare that has caused the early deaths of African Americans. Richardson is the first woman in the country who has left a mark on the civil rights movement outside the South. She has helped the Non-Violent Committee, which is discriminated against by racism and other practices. However, Gloria has accomplished her goal by participating in an active Civil Rights Movement in Maryland and continued activism. During the protest in Cambridge, Richardson faces beyond the guardsman and urges the protestors not to kill the infants of migrant people. After two years, she broke segregation and fought for the civil rights movement in America. It has helped black people fight for freedom, power, and rights, empowering economic stability, food, and shelter. She used to believe black women in America would sacrifice in a non-violent battle to owe the country’s freedom.

2. 1964 Civil Rights Act: This act is known as the landmark of labor law and civil rights. It brigands discrimination based on race, gender, color, religion, and origin. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits the unequal application of voter recording procedures, racial discrimination, and public housing. This act is significant for most of the legislative achievements in American history where most people live. It also strengthens the implementation of voting rights, where the 1964 civil rights legislation has created a standard to resonate in America. The advanced quality and non-discrimination act of public housing has made employment procedures illegal for black people. However, this act has dramatically impacted the Employment Opportunity Commission because of unfair treatment policies based on color, sex, origin, and religion. The struggle of black Americans for social justice lasted for years, and in 1960, they gained equal rights under the law of the US with proper respect and power. Therefore, the 1964 Civil Rights Act brought meaningful changes in the lives of Black Americans by disassembling the system of discrimination and black exclusion.

3. Daisy Bates is known as the American Civil Rights avant-garde who played a principal role in the Little Rock Integration Crisis of 1957. She is an important figure of welfare laborers and the indigenous tribes of Western Australia used to work in different fields. As a black woman, she has refused to accept her assigned place in society, where she has begun her household activities to deal with anthropological information. Bastes has also worked with local Civil Rights Organizations for federal mandates and gatherings. In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled that segregated African-American gatherings follow the integrated strategy. However, with the success of Little Rock None, Bates has improved the status of African-Americans in the South with influential works to improve the community responses. She is represented as the New Woman because she becomes politically and socially progressive. However, she has also set goals to symbolize the events of the Little Rocks Integration Crisis. She has also worked on anti-poverty schemes where most community programs have accelerated on the national all-inclusive milestone.

4. Roy Wilkins: In 1955, the NAAP executive secretary Roy Wilkins held his first position to support blacks in granting loans being denied at white banks. His legacy for Human Relations and Social Justice has honored the armed contribution to exemplify the essence of equality and human rights. Wilkins prearranged the significant March on Washington and participated against the Fear in Mississippi. Being a human rights activist, Wilkins has devoted themself to the principle of non-violence and rejected all racial forms under the leadership of the NAACP. To diversify the activities, he has directed the actions of legal assistance with frequent groups and passed the legislation amendment. The introduction of NAACP created work for abolition and involved the political action required to secure the representation of civil rights law. Therefore, the advanced integration of the NAACP by Wilkins has disrupted inequality, racism, and religion of black people so that they could change their key areas such as housing, healthcare, education, and economy. It would help the blacks get job opportunities and end segregation in public places.

5. Civil Rights+ Intersectionality: In 1920, the Civil Rights Movement is known to be the most recognizable name examining the learning of individuals with meaningful stories that are still known. Rustin is a narrative individual regarded as the genius of his dream speech. He has advocated for civil rights to diversify the issue of segregation and highlighted the ideas of justice. Another famous politician during the time of civil rights was Miss Baker, who is known to be an activist in the Southern region of the US. She is the first gold medallist in the Olympics who symbolically cracks the walls of discrimination. However, the baseball legend Jackie Robinson is also active in the civil rights movement and has served as NAACP director at Tuskegee University.

Rustin is an excellent example of intersectionality because his legacy has shown a simple culmination of views and experiences. The civil rights movement has regarded human rights, where affirmative actions are oriented with policy relations, education, and criminal justice. The black activists have allowed leaders free elections where alternative actions are highlighted with specific ideas: the social categorization and overlapping of race. Class, sexuality, and incapacity have promoted sources of intersectionality. Therefore, the significant idea of intersectionality has surrounded racism with pre-existing beliefs.

6. Cold War Civil Rights: After the Cold War began, President Harry initiated the agenda of civil rights by issuing an executive order. It ended during the discrimination of military forces and helped the grass-roots creativities to pass racial equality law-making and the civil rights movement. With the effects of the Cold War, the civil rights movement has forced us to support the reforms led by President Harry. Civil Rights are significant because it has protected people from subjective treatment at the hands of the administration. During the Cold War, American society was concerned about communism that undermined a capitalist culture to end racial oppression. The Soviet Union used the propaganda of democracy and freedom to create social lines. However, the change in the federal government enforced the decision of famous politicians offering limited freedom. The accomplishment of civil rights during the Cold War outlawed the biased federation and funded programs created by the Equal Employment Occasion Commission. Therefore, the civil rights movement stopped the process of segregation imposed by the government so that black people could fight for their rights.

7. Redlining: In the US, redlining is a prejudiced exercise in which financial services are withdrawn from potential clients classified as hazardous to investment. It is a systematic denial where individuals are associated with lending practices and personal loans. Due to discriminatory lending practices, wealth in redlined groups has become lower among the non-minorities. According to the Federal government, redlining in real estate has various financial services to prevent discrimination. Courts have determined that redlining is illegal because of lending institutions from access to loans. The critical inheritance of redlining has been more economical, which impacts health outcomes among minorities. Lending institutions might take the factors of repayment in making loans based on race, religion, sex, and marital status. Redlining has created a significant impact on people, including property prices. However, black homeowners have redlined home equity to overcome the economic inequality for their families. It would help them to get proper employment facilities indicated by the federal government as per 2020 Census data.

8. SNCC and SCLC: The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Non-Violent Committee (SNCC) are known to be two significant civil rights that encouraged a change in the era of the 20th century. The ideological difference between the two is their ability to work in unity. SNCC is an organization that students form to believe in the effectiveness of grass-roots. On the other hand, SCLC mainly focused on mass movements organized by active supporters in different localities. SNCC members used to bore dislikes during the conference of SCLC. The fundamental difference between the two groups is led by the eventual split that began with the Albany movement. The main goal of both groups is to create racial equity to achieve the ideologies and quite the differences. SNCC’s approach is to achieve goals empowered by southern blacks and headed over the leaders for creating education projects. SLCC has followed the civil rights movement in different zones. The protests from students have formed a segregation system for exercising constitutional rights with mass demonstrations. The existence between SNCC and SCLC has a mainstream history where strategies might mobilize effectiveness at the federal level. Therefore, the achievements have made similar changes in SNCC AND SCLC with direct upliftment in the community.

9. Claudette Colvin: She is an African-American teenager arrested after refusing her bus seat to a white person. She is a black community member who has convinced the violation of segregated laws in the federal court. Her treatment of the civil rights movement has stepped down constitutional rights with relative facts and decisions. Colvin’s legacy has attracted attention to figures within the movement that suitably represent the fight against segregation. The brutality of white supremacy has manifested violent support among community centers that pretend to react to confession. The legacy strategy has essentially framed the outside influences that largely satisfy black residents to enforce laws before intervention. However, Colvin has continued to struggle for opportunities in the black community to endure racism in the South and become a nursing assistant in the US. However, Colvin rightly placed her struggle for racial norms during the civil rights era, which made her celebrate her bravery when she was young. Therefore, Colvin is the first black lady who has a ride bus and appeals her case directly to court by challenging the segregation law.

10. Rosa Parks is an American activist who refused to sit on a public bus in Alabama. She is the mother of the civil rights movement, where the ignition of facts is restrained. The segregation of languishes appeal eventually ended after the unconstitutional decision taken by the state court. Parks supported the military black power movement, whose leaders were disguised with the methods of non-violent representation by Martin Luther. She always remained active in the civil rights movement and joined fair house policy in the US Southern states. The division of NAACP has endured Rosa to protect Black women from sexual assaults by white men. The campaign for equal justice has induced the public transit system against the policy of racial segregation in the US. The Peace and Freedom Act has achieved the movement of civil rights with political power so that decisions could be made accordingly. Due to her contributions to black people, she has accomplished a colored section in the history of activism. Therefore, Rosa significantly impacted society in the US by generating awareness of racism and the civil rights movement in the US. It has helped black individuals to fight for their freedom, power, and equality.

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