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HIS 221- Midterm Exam Part 1

Aug 11, 2023

Part 1: Short answers.  Please write a one-paragraph explanation for any 3 out of the 6 key terms or people listed below.  Your answers need to define and discuss the key terms or people in the historical context of the topics we have covered in this course.  Each answer is worth up to 40 points (120 points total).

 1. Middle Passage

2. Pequot War

3. Puritan Society

4. Boston Massacre

5. Lord Dunmore

6. Indian Removal Act

Midterm Exam

Part 1: Short Answers

2. Pequot War:

The Pequot War is defined as the conflict that took place between the year 1636 to 1638 in New England. Here, the Pequot people fought based on the coalition with the English causing Pequot War. This took place between the settlers from Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut, and the Saybrook colonies, along with the Native American allies that actually include Narragansett and Mohegan, that purposed on removing the Pequot being stumbling blocks with the English Settlements in the Southern part of New England. Therefore, the main reason for the Pequot War was the struggle that controlled trade. Therefore, the efforts made by the Englishmen to break the Dutch-Pequot control over the fur and the wampum trade. Moreover, the main purpose to remove the Pequot was while stumbling the blocks taken up by the English settlements within New England. This was first sustained due to the conflict between the Native Americans and the Europeans based in the Northeastern part of North America, which was basically noted to be brutal. Therefore, the Pequot taken an attempt to maintain political and economic dominance within the region.   

4. Boston Massacre:

The Boston Massacre was the hostility in Boston that took place on March 5th, 1770 by a group of nine British soldiers, who shot five people in a crowd of three or four hundred who verbally abused and threw missiles. The Boston Massacre was a deadly riot that occurred on March 1770, in King Street in Boston. Therefore, this began in the street of a brawl that consist of the American colonists alone with the British soldier, which quickly escalated to a chaotic slaughter of the people. This was widely publicized to contribute to the unpopularly British regime in colonial North America that took place before the American Revolution. Moreover, this event was publicized on the note of a massacre with leading patriots, namely Paul Revere and Samuel Adams. This event killed three to four hundred people who abused and threw missiles. Alternatively, the crowd eventually dispersed with the acting Governor Thomas Hutchinson, who made a promise about the inquiry that re-formed the next day, which prompted the withdrawal of the troops from Castle Island. This is because, the gunfire instantly slaughtered three people, along with this wounded other eight people, and therefore, two of them died with wounds.   

6. Indian Removal Act:

President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act on May 1830, which mainly approved the president to grant west of Mississippi an in-exchange for some of the Indian lands that existed within the state borders. Moreover, this law authorized the president who can negotiate with the Native American tribes for their removal from the federal territory in exchange for the white settlement on their ancestral lands. Later, Andrew Jackson promoted a policy to incorporate the Indian Removal Act, of 1830. Therefore, this Bill provided a vigorous promotional policy that incorporated a negotiation with the tribes based in Mississippi on the payment of the lands, anxiety aroused in the United States that resorted the force, on the Indian compliance that demanded a land exchange, while moving towards the west.


Who Built America? Chapter Two Module Week 3, pp 63-98. 

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