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PHE 210-Week 4 Action Research

Jul 28, 2023

    Week 4 Action Research

    Review the article below and then answer the following questions in a Word document.

    Relationship Between Physical Activity and Overweight and Obesity in Children: Findings From the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey National Youth Fitness Survey, Hong, I., Coker-Bolt, P., Anderson, K. R., Lee, D., & Velozo, C. A. (2016). American Journal Of Occupational Therapy70(5), 1-8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2016.021212

    • What is the scope and significance of the article?
    • Who were the study participants?
    • What was the purpose of this study?
    • Who is the primary author of the study?
    • What are the results of the research study in your own words?
    • List three limitations of the study in your own words.
    • How can this article promote decision-making and problem-solving of the stated health issue?

    Discussion on health issues

    Scope and significance of the article

    The scope of the article is related to the relationship between physical activity and overweight and obesity in the children which is now taking place. The main scope of the article is about the risk which takes place due to obesity among children. Due to obesity, several diseases take place in the children like diabetes, depression, depression, etc. The significant importance of the article is that it tries to provide detailed data related to the risk factor which take place among children due to obesity and less physical activity (Sagar & Gupta, 2018, p.556). Recent data research say that if the children do the proper physical activity for about 60 min/day then the child will not have to face this certain situation of obesity and other health problem associated with that. 

    The Study participant

    The survey of National Youth Fitness Survey was conducted by the CDC in 2012. The participants for the physical activity and fitness levels of 1,640 children ages 3–15 yr. who were interviewed, 1,576 of whom were examined. The study participants are children of various ages who are affected by the problem of obesity and weight gaining problem. It can be said that the weight gain issue is one the problem which causes the health issue the children and they have to suffer a lot. 

    Purpose of this Study

    The main purpose of this study is to count the ratio of the total number of children who are going through the obesity problem and is suffering a lot (Lee & Yoon, 3=2018, p.660). The study is the research that provides information related to the overweight and the issue related to it. It provides the information that physical activity is important for each of people and if the children also do the physical activity daily then it will help them in their health fitness also. 

    The primary author of the study 

    The primary author of the study is the World Health Organization, Ickpyo Hong, Patty Coker-Bolt, Kelly R. Anderson, Danbi Lee, Craig A. Velozo, and NNYFS. They are also trying to review that obesity arises due to the less physical activity within the children bad they did not focus on health and their intake of calories more. 

    Result of the Research 

    The result of the research says that boys are more prone to obesity than girls. It is seen that the adolescent group had a higher occurrence rate (38.8%) than the middle childhood (32.9%) or early childhood (30.6%) groups. It is also seen that children who do not do any physical activity rather than watching tv, videos, and playing video games lead to a positive effect on gaining weight. It is also seen that children who spent at least 60 minutes in physical activity are not prone to heavyweight and obesity and which reduces the children’s need to do physical activity (Aggarwal & Jain, 2018, p.465). 

     The three limitations of the study

    The research is provided all information related to how children are getting overweight and obesity is taking place but the research are giving behind certain things and there are certain limitations which are stated below

    Firstly the research is provided all the information related to obesity but did not provide the information that what physical activity should children should do so that it can easy for them to know what activity should be done 

    Secondly, the researchers have not provided information that how many calories should be taken every day so that the children do not overweight. In the initial stage, what calories can be given to the children so that they did not affect the children? 

    Thirdly the proper calorie count has not been provided by the research and did not mention what should be provided to them in the initial only and what eating habits should be maintained. A proper explanation is not provided related to how to reduce fat if the child is overweight. 

    Decision-making and problem-solving

    The article promotes decision-making and problem-solving as it has provided information related to overweight and obesity and explains that 60 min per day of physical activity is necessary and provided data on boys and nada girls according to the study (Brown et al. 2019, p.10). With the data, the decision can be made that what percentage of children are facing this problem. The problem-solving method is also provided in this situation that the children need to do physical activity on a daily basis. This article promotes that it is the major issue which is taking place and the parents should be more focused on this problem otherwise the children have to suffer the health issue. 


    Aggarwal, B., & Jain, V. (2018). Obesity in children: definition, etiology and approach. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics85(6), 463-471. 

    Brown, T., Moore, T. H., Hooper, L., Gao, Y., Zayegh, A., Ijaz, S., … & Summerbell, C. D. (2019). Interventions for preventing obesity in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (7). 

    Lee, E. Y., & Yoon, K. H. (2018). Epidemic obesity in children and adolescents: risk factors and prevention. Frontiers of medicine12(6), 658-666. 

    Sagar, R., & Gupta, T. (2018). Psychological aspects of obesity in children and adolescents. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics85(7), 554-559. 

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