Two tasks that educators often carry out when working with infants and toddlers are:
Lifting and carrying an infant or toddler on your hip Changing nappies.
- For each of these tasks, identify the existing and potential hazards and record them.
- For each of the hazards, identify the inherent risk, the control risk, and the residual risk.
- What are your rights and responsibilities in relation to these hazards?
- For each hazard, apply the hierarchy of control and record your strategies to eliminate the hazard and manage the risk.
Module 1 Discussion: Toddlers
Lifting and carrying an infant on hips:
- The potential hazards for the first task are inappropriate manual handling which may cause slip discs and severe injury from falling on the floor.
- The inherent risk is falling over the ground, which may lead to a leg injury for a child. The control risk can be a proper manual handling technique. The residual risk is that everyone does not know the manual handling technique, which may protect the child. For this reason, leg injury may happen in a toddler. Sometimes the toddler may fall on the ground, which may cause future injuries.
- The duties and responsibilities include gathering accurate information about manual handling and following the designing strategy for every step to make it perfect for the future. I will prevent myself from taking the baby in improper ways that can prevent unusual injury for a toddler. Before lifting the baby, I must stop stretching my back, neck, ankles, and knees. When lifting the child, it should be necessary to bend down accurately, or kneeling is the perfect option rather than bending down to pick up a child. There is another thing that I must remember for carrying a child for too long; it should be necessary to avoid on my hips for too long (Williams & Beidas, 2019).
- Elimination: Eliminates the risk of leg and back injury by adopting accurate manual handling techniques for the toddler.
- Substitution: substituting the hazards by necessary pick up of a child during an emergency.
- Administrative control: correct manual handling is essential to pick up a cold which must be known to everyone.
- Personal protective equipment: the right shoes with comfortable ones necessary and clothing.
Nappy changing procedure:
- the potential hazards will be a child-mouthing container, talcum powder, soft nappies, and baby lotion.
- Inherent risk can be the allergic reactions of a child to the baby lotion or talcum powder during the application. A nappy-changing procedure can stop all allergic reactions and risks. Residual risk can be the nappy rash that may come out during the long hours of the nappy fixing procedure. A child can swallow the powder or creme during the nappy changing time, which is also a residual risk.
- My primary responsibility is to take the cold during the nappy changing procedure by continuously checking if the toddler swallowed anything. If I found any allergic reaction immediately, I had to report it to the child specialist (Williams & Beidas, 2019).
- Elimination: Nappy changing policy is essential for a child. Hence, the following steps are handy
- To dispose of the nappy in a timely and proper way.
- Hygiene hands for changing the nappy is a necessary step for a child.
Substitution: comfortable nappy and time interval for changing nappy are essential criteria.
Administrative control: nappy changing policy practice is essential.
Personal protective equipment: use sanitizers, gloves, and hand wash during nappy changing required thing.
Williams, N. J., & Beidas, R. S. (2019). Annual research review: the state of implementation science in child psychology and psychiatry: a review and suggestions to advance the field. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 60(4), 430-450.