Topic: Understanding Climate Change Negotiations: Contributions from International Negotiation and Conflict Management
QUESTION #2: | I am requesting your INPUT on a new article or a new book chapter that particularly impresses you on our course topic — preferably 30 pages or fewer, The article may explore any advanced aspect of negotiations or conflict management. It would be ideal if your suggestion were available through Business Source Complete. READING THE ATTACHED – ARTICLE (Understanding Climate Change Negotiations: Contributions from International Negotiation and Conflict Management) https://brill.com/view/journals/iner/20/1/article-p146_10.xml?language=en
CLIMATE CHANGE NEGOTIATIONS:
This article reflects on the achievement of American leadership in the UN climate negotiations, produced in the Paris Agreement, which originated on 12th December 2015, at the COP 21 climate summit in Paris, among 196 Parties in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The main objective of this agreement was to keep the global temperature below 2°C C above preindustrial levels and to pursue ‘efforts to limit it to 1.5°C (Parker & Karlsson, 2018, p.519). To achieve this goal, the US has evaluated four key aspects, the objectives on climate change, the leadership strategies to reach those goals, the achievement of the US as a leader, and its strategies in meeting those objectives. To identify US climate goals, a thorough analysis of US submission and official statement to the UNFCCC was done. To examine the US leadership strategies, a conceptual framework is taken from the EU climate leadership and observes its outcomes on COP15 in Copenhagen and COP21 in Paris. To determine, the preferences of US leadership by potential followers a survey was conducted during 2008-2015 in eight consecutive UNFCCC COP meetings. A total of 3661 questionnaires were distributed among the persons selected by the quota sampling method of each COP. The participants of this survey were divided into two categories, one is the party members and another one is the researchers, NGO, media, etc. The final evaluative objective was to assess the success of the US in achieving the goals in Copenhagen in 2009 and Paris in 2015. This article focuses on how the US was chosen as a global leader in comparison with other competitors like China and the EU. The operational strategies they have taken like transparency, reporting, stocktaking, structural framework, domestic actions, etc., in goal attainment. This article also stated that even now, representing a single leader in the field of climate change is not possible.
Parker, C. F., & Karlsson, C. (2018). The UN climate change negotiations and the role of the United States: assessing American leadership from Copenhagen to Paris. Environmental Politics, 27(3), 519-540.