1)Type of research you will be doing: Basic or applied
Basic research: Focuses on the development of theories and their refinement. Basic research answers the question why .
Applied research: Focuses on the use of scientific theories to improve their actual practice. Applied research answers the questions what and how .
2)Overarching methodological research approach: quantitative or qualitative
Quantitative research: Statistical research. Researcher wants to know how many times a specific thing occurs.
Example: How many students missed question 4 on test 2; how many people picked the colour blue as a favourite colour, etc.
Qualitative research: Researcher wants to know the person involved feelings, thoughts, and the natural lived experience. Non-statistical.
Research question: Define what you want to know or define an issue (problem) you want to solve.
4)Research design and method
Research design: 6 common designs
Historical – investigates the past.
Descriptive – reports the current.
Correlational – determines the existence, direction, and degree of relationship among factors.
Evaluation – examines the effectiveness of something.
Experimental – establishes casual relationships.
Casual-comparative – has characteristics that resemble some items, parts, of a specific thing.
Surveys – self-reporting research where the participants are the source of data.
Interviews – researcher creates a list of specific questions and asked each participant the exact same questions.
Questionnaires – same as interviews but questions are either mailed in print format or electronic format.
Observational – researchers observe, record, and analyse behaviours and events.
5)Selection of an instrument for data collection (questionnaire/survey etc.)
Pick from the research methods listed above.
6)Type of participants (ex. first-year coding employees, HIM directors, HIM students etc.)
Who will you gather your data from?