Explain why particular individuals and groups may be vulnerable to abuse and or harm to self and others

Discuss possible improvements to working practices such as anti-discriminatory practices etc

 

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SKU: Ema0016

Task 1A: LO1 Understand the factors that contribute to the incidence of abuse and harm to self and others

Mary lives in Tower Hamlets and contacted social services with concerns about her mother’s wellbeing. Her mother who is Mrs P, is a widow in her early 80’s, and Muslim was diagnosed with dementia in 2011. Her son and daughter assisted her in making Lasting Power of Attorneys (LPA) in relation to both her Property and Financial Affairs and Health and Welfare, with her children acting jointly. At this time, there were no concerns about Mrs P’s capacity to make these LPAs.

Both adult children had contact with their mother, and Mary assisted her mother with online shopping, home maintenance and arranging carers to assist her mother as and when required. Mary became concerned about her mother when her brother unexpectedly moved in with Mrs P and his family and began to make changes. The brother removed photos of Mary and her contact details and would not allow Mary to see or speak to her mother. He threw things away without asking, including furniture and personal possessions, rearranged the layout of the home and changed the locks so that Mary could not access her mother’s home. The family of four who moved in after she had spent almost two decades living alone overwhelmed Mrs P. Mrs P became stressed and anxious because her son told her that Mary wanted her to go into a care home, which was completely untrue and would make derogatory remarks about Mary to Mrs P. Mrs P’s appearance was also affected. Her appearance including her clothes was always dirty and her hair was not combed. She appeared to have bruises on her arms as well. Mary was also concerned about her mother’s finances, and evidence later showed that her brother was spending her mother’s money as if it were his own, making no contributions to utility bills or groceries and withdrawing cash using Mrs P’s debit card for unknown purchases for his family.

Mrs P became more anxious and confused by the situation and Mary alerted Social Services to these safeguarding concerns. Mary did not believe that her mother’s best interests were being met by her brother and felt that her mother’s dementia had worsened, so she wanted to know what she could do to protect her mother from harm.

 

Scenario

You are a social worker for the borough of Tower Hamlets where Mrs P lives and have been assigned to meet with Mary and Mrs. P and produce a report to include the following questions below. Apply your answers to the case study as well.

1.1 In the first section of the report you should explain why particular individuals such as Mrs P and groups may be vulnerable to abuse and/or harm to self and others. [P1.1, M1]

 

1.2 In the second section of the report you should review risk factors which may lead to incidence of abuse and or harm to Mrs P and others. [P1.2, M2]

 

To achieve M1 an effective approach to study and research has been applied when reviewing risk factors that may lead to incidence of abuse and harm to self and others such as found in the case scenario.

 

To achieve M2 complex information/data has been synthesised and processed when explaining why particular individuals such as Mrs. P and groups may be vulnerable to abuse and or/harm to self and others.

 

Task 1B: LO1 Understand the factors that contribute to the incidence of abuse and harm to self and others

In the third section of your report, linking your answers to the case scenario give a clear analysis of the impact of social and cultural factors on different types of abuse and/or harm to self and others. [P1.3]

 

Task 2: LO2 Understand current legislation, policy and professional involvement regarding abuse in health and social care contexts

During the last few years high profile serious case reviews and criminal trials have been concluded, which all involved a mother killing one of her children despite the involvement of several agencies in the child’s life.

The first was the case of Daniel Pelka, a four-year-old living in Coventry who was singled out for abuse and neglect by his mother and her partner until his death from a blow to the head in March 2012.

The second was the case of Keanu Williams, a toddler living in Birmingham who died with 37 separate injuries on his body, inflicted by his mother in early 2011.

The last was the conviction of Amanda Hutton in Bradford Crown Court for the severe neglect and manslaughter of her four-year-old son, Hamzah Khan. The boy’s mummified remains were found in his cot in September 2011, two years after his death in the squalid flat where other children were living

 

Using the case studies highlighted above to answer the following questions in a report:

1. Analyse the strengths and weaknesses in current legislation and policy relating to those vulnerable to abuse in the case studies above. Cite relevant legislations and policies relating to the case studies. [P2.1]

2. Explain what the role of different professionals involved in protecting vulnerable service users from abuse in the case studies above. You will need to do some more research on the internet about each case. You can also apply your own relevant workplace experience. [P2.2, D1]

 

To achieve D1, conclusions have been arrived at through synthesis of ideas and have been justified when explaining the role of different professionals who are involved in protecting vulnerable service from abuse.

 

Task 3: LO3 Understand working practice and strategies used to minimise abuse in health and social care contexts

Scenario

Safe working practices

One of the key functions of the Safeguarding Children’s Board is to ensure that there are multi-agency policies and procedures for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children. This includes dealing with allegations against people and the recruitment and selection of adults who work with children.

There is a responsibility for agencies, groups and volunteers who are engaged in any work with children and their families, to have policies, systems and processes in place that support these multi-agency safeguarding arrangements. You are to present a report at the next meeting at your local East London Safeguarding Children’s board.

1. In the first section of your report you must explain what are existing working practices and strategies designed to minimise abuse in health and social care context using the case studies in LO2. [P3.1, D3]

2. In the next section of your report, you must evaluate the effectiveness of working practices and strategies used to minimise abuse in a health and social care setting using the case studies in LO2. [P3.3, D2]

3. Finally, in the next section of the report you must discuss what possible improvements to working practices and what strategies exist to minimise abuse in a health and social care setting using the case studies in LO2. [P3.3, M3]

 

To achieve M3, the appropriate structure and approach has been used when discussing what possible improvements to working practices and what strategies exist to minimise abuse in a health and social care setting using the case studies in LO2

To achieve D2, complex information has been synthesised and processed when evaluating the effectiveness of working practices and strategies used to minimise abuse in health and social care settings.

To achieve D3 convergent and lateral thinking have been applied explain what are existing working practices and strategies designed to minimise abuse in health and social care context.

 

LO1 : Understand the factors that contribute to the incidence of abuse and harm to self and others

1.1 explain why particular individuals and groups may be vulnerable to abuse and or harm to self and others.

1.2 review individual risk factors, which may lead to incidence of abuse and/or harm to self and others.

1.3 analyse the impact of social and cultural factors on different types of abuse such as physical, emotional, sexual and alcohol and drug abuse

 

LO2: Understand current legislation, policy and professional involvement regarding abuse in health and social care contexts

2.1 analyse the strengths and weaknesses in current national and local legislations and policies relating to those vulnerable to abuse.

2.2 explain how a range of professionals are involved in the protection of individuals and groups vulnerable to abuse.

 

LO3: Understand working practice and strategies used to minimise abuse in health and social care

3.1 explain existing working practices such as communication skills and others and how strategies are designed to minimise abuse in health and social care contexts.

3.2 evaluate the effectiveness of working practices and strategies such as working in partnership with users of health and social care services and others are used to minimise abuse in health and social care contexts.

3.3 discuss possible improvements to working practices such as anti-discriminatory practices etc. and also strategies to minimise abuse in health and social care context.

 

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