Part 1: Case study
Periwinkle Pty Ltd (Periwinkle) is a bathtub manufacturer which sells bathtubs directly to the public. On 1 May 2013, Periwinkle provided one of its employees, Emma, with a car as Emma does a lot of travelling for work purposes. However, Emma’s usage of the car is not restricted to work only. Periwinkle purchased the car on that date for $33,000 (including GST).
For the period 1 May 2013 to 31 March 2014, Emma travelled 10,000 kilometres in the car and incurred expenses of $550 (including GST) on minor repairs that have been reimbursed by Periwinkle. The car was not used for 10 days when Emma was interstate and the car was parked at the airport and for another five days when the car was
scheduled for annual repairs.
On 1 September 2013, Periwinkle provided Emma with a loan of $500,000 at an interest rate of 4.45%. Emma used $450,000 of the loan to purchase a holiday home and lent the remaining $50,000 to her husband (interest free) to purchase shares in Telstra. Interest on a loan to purchase private assets is not deductible while interest on a loan to
purchase income-producing assets is deductible.
During the year, Emma purchased a bathtub manufactured by Periwinkle for $1300. The bathtub only cost Periwinkle $700 to manufacture and is sold to the general public for $2,600.
(a) Advise Periwinkle of its FBT consequences arising out of the above information, including calculation of any FBT liability, for the year ending 31 March 2014. You may assume that Periwinkle would be entitled to input tax credits in relation to any GSTinclusive acquisitions.
(b) How would your answer to (a) differ if Emma used the $50,000 to purchase the
shares herself, instead of lending it to her husband?
Part 2: Question
An extract of the asset register of Alpha Pty Ltd (‘Alpha’) for the 2012-13 income year is as follows:
|Asset||Cost||Opening Adjustable Value||Method||Effective Life||Decline in value for this Period||Closing Adjusting Value|
|Desktop Computer||1350||1350||Diminishing Value||3 years||450||900|
|Furniture||5000||3000||Prime Cost||10 years||500||2500|
|Filing Cabinets||1200||1080||Prime Cost||10 years||120||960|
All depreciable assets are for 100% business use and Alpha uses a low-value pool for all eligible assets. The closing value of the low-value pool at 30 June 2013 was $5,300. Alpha purchased a printer on 5 June 2014 for $700.
Advise Alpha of the income tax consequences arising out of the above information for the 2013-14 income year.