LEARNING OUTCOME 1:
Summarise key characteristics and concepts associated with the nature of tourism.
1.1 Definitions of tourism are compared in accordance with relevant texts and discussed the importance of developing a standardised definition to the tourism industry.
1.2 Tourism characteristics and concepts, including Tourism as a ‘Total Experience’, are analysed in terms of their significance to the nature of tourism
LEARNING OUTCOME 2:
Give an account of the history of the travel, tourism and hospitality sector and examine the current structure comparing industry models and identifying key direct providers and organisations.
2.1 Identify and summarise key historical developments and events in the travel, tourism and hospitality sector.
2.2 Analyse factors which have had an impact on the development of the current travel and tourism industry.
2.3 Comparing key models that describe the tourism industry including the One Industry Concept and the Linking Concept.
2.4 Analyse the role of developmental organisations within the tourism industry.
Question 1 (1.1)
Compare two definitions of tourism, each from a different industry text, and discuss the importance of developing a standardised definition to the tourism industry.
Name and reference the texts where the definitions are taken from.
Question 2 (1.2)
Provide an analysis for the following seven characteristics of tourism and travel.
For four of the characteristics the analysis must clearly link the characteristic to the concept that the tourism product can be seen as a ‘Total Experience’.
Characteristics of Tourism
1.Tourism starts with a set of ideas and a decision-making process.
2.It involves a complex set of interrelationships (behaviour) between people, places, and products.
3.These interrelationships evolve through the transportation of people to various destinations beyond their normal place of residence, and their stay at those destinations.
4.The duration of the visit must generally be of a short-term nature, i.e. not permanent.
5.The behaviour of tourists will normally result in the development of an industry to cater for their needs.
6.Touristic and industry behaviour will almost always have an impact on the host community.
7.Tourism is essentially a pleasure activity.
Question 3 (2.1)
Choose two of the following time periods and discuss key historical developments which have influenced the growth of the the travel and tourism sector.
- 1600 – 1700’s
- 1800 – 1900’s
- 1900 – 1950’s
- 1950 – onwards
Question 4 (2.2)
Analyse Socio-cultural, economic, technological and environmental factors which have had an impact on the development of the current travel and tourism industry.
Question 5 (2.3)
Compare key models that describe the tourism industry including the One Industry Concept and the Linking Concept, and analyse the impact of the industry participants working together on the overall visitor experience.
Question 6 (2.4)
Analyse the contribution(s) that each of the following key participants makes to the travel and tourism industry in New Zealand.
- Trade and professional associations (e.g. Tourism Industry Association of NZ)
- Training and education providers
- Industry Training Organisations