Heritage Tourism Assignment Help
Heritage tourism is a branch of tourism which is oriented towards the cultural heritage of the location where tourism occurs. According to the National Trust for Historic Preservation in the United States
, heritage tourism is traveling to experience the artifacts, places and activities that genuinely signify the stories and people of the past. Heritage tourism includes historic, cultural and natural resources. In the 20th century, some people have claimed that culture ceased to be the objective of tourism but, tourism
is now a culture. Cultural attractions now plays an important role in tourism, from the global highlights of world culture to attractions that support local identities.
According to Hall and Weiler, heritage, culture and the arts have long contributed to plea of tourist destination. Though, in recent years 'culture' has been remembered as an important marketing tool for attracting those travelers with special interests in arts and heritage. According to the Hollinshead, cultural heritage tourism outlines as cultural heritage tourism is the fastest growing sector of the tourism industry as there is a trend towards an increase specialism among tourists. This trend is evident in the rise in the size of tourists who seek culture, adventure, archaeology, history and interaction with local people.
Cultural heritage tourism is important for numerous reasons; it has a positive social and economic impact. It reinforces and establishes identity, it helps preserving the cultural heritage, with culture as an instrument. It facilitates understanding and harmony among people. It helps renew tourism and supports culture. As Noel B. Salazar and Benjamin Porter have ethnographically documented, however, cultural heritage tourism might also create tensions and even conflict between the different involved stakeholders. Cultural heritage tourism has a number of objectives that needs to be met within the context of the sustainable development, such as; the accurate interpretation of resources, conservation of cultural resources, the stimulation of the earned revenues of cultural resources, and the authentic visitors experience. Cultural tourism
is not only concerned with management, identification and protection of the heritage values, but it must also be involved in understanding the impact of tourism on regions and communities.
Heritage tourism involves visiting industrial or historical sites that may include railways, old canals, battlegrounds, etc. Its overall purpose is to gain an appreciation of the past.
Immigration and Decolonization form the major background of much contemporary heritage tourism. Another possible form involves pilgrimages and religious travel. Many Catholics from everywhere round the world come to other sites such as Fátima or Lourdes and the Vatican. Islam advices its followers to take the hajj to Mecca, thus discriminating it somewhat from tourism in the general sense, however the trip can also be a culturally vital event for the pilgrim.