Birth Tourism Assignment Help
Birth tourism is travel to a different country for the purpose of giving birth in that particular country. "Anchor baby" is another related term that can have negative connotations. Reasons for this practice include access to the destination country's healthcare system, the countries that recognize jus soli
birthright citizenship for the child. The circumvention of the Communist China's one-child policy
. For birth tourism, the United States
are the popular destinations. Another target for birth tourism is Hong Kong, where the right of abode is given to Chinese citizens at birth instead of citizenship. For discouraging birth tourism, France, Australia
, Germany, New Zealand
, the United Kingdom
, South Africa, have modified their citizenship laws at different times, granting citizenship by birth only if one parent is a legal permanent resident who has lived in the country for several years or at least one parent is a citizen of the country. Germany has traditionally used jus sanguinis and has never granted actual birth faithful citizenship, so, by giving up the condition of at least one citizen parent, Germany has become softer rather than tightening its citizenship laws, however, unlike their children born and grown up in Germany. Non-Swiss-citizen parents born and grown up and nonEU abroad generally cannot have dual citizenship themselves. No European country currently grants unconditional birth right citizenship; however, most American countries, e.g. Canada, the United States, Canada, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, do so. In Lesotho, Africa and Tanzania grant unconditional birth right citizenship, and so do in the Asian-Pacific region Pakistan, Fiji, and Tuvalu but these countries seem to be unattractive for birth tourism.
The Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution
guarantees U.S. citizenship to those born in the United States, only if the person is "subject to the jurisdiction" of the United States. Congress has further extended the birth right citizenship to all the inhabited of U.S. territories except American Samoa.When they reach 21 years of age, as a birthright citizen, American-born children can sponsor their foreign families' U.S. citizenship and residency.
There is no information about which countries have citizens who can participate in birth tourism in the United States. However, there are reports about arrests raids and made. In March 2015, Federal agents conducted attacks on a series of large-scale maternity tourism operations that brought thousands of mainland Chinese women intending to give their children American citizenship. In California, three inland Chinese-owned "baby care centers" offered expectant mothers a place to give birth to an American citizen for a fee of only $14,750 that includes sightseeing and shopping trips. Robert Zhou, the agency's owner, explains that they don’t encourage moms to break the law, — but to take the advantage of it. Zhou said that that he and his wife in the United States, have helped up to 600 women that gave birth, within the last five years.
Canada's citizenship law since 1947, has generally conferred Canadian citizenship at birth to anyone born in the Canada, regardless of the immigration status or citizenship status of the parents. The only exception is for children born in Canada to be representatives of international organizations or aforeign governments. The Canadian government as of 2012 continued to debate the issue and has considered limiting jus soli